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Numer: 47116
Przesłano:
Dział: Języki obce

Train control - handout. Język angielski w działalności kolei - ćwiczenia leksykalne

Szkoła ponadpodstawowa

TRAIN CONTROL- HANDOUT
Difficult vocabulary:
route- trasa
to supervise- nadzorować
supervision- nadzór
to ensure safety- zapewniać bezpieczeństwo
to protect- ochraniać
protection- ochrona
collision- kolizja
train movement- ruch pociągu
interlocking- blokowanie
to detect- wykrywać
to monitor- monitorować, nadzorować
to assure- zapewniać
purpose- cel
to determine- determinować
1. Complete the sentences
Train control is the process by which the movement of rail rapid transit vehicles is regulated for the
purposes of ensuring safety_.

There are four major functions of train control
1) TRAIN____protection____________________- prevents the train from collisions and derailment.

2) TRAIN OPERATION- control of train movement and stopping _____at the stops___________________,

3) TRAIN________schedule_______________________- direction of train movement in relation to the schedule.

4) ______Interlocking_______________________- interchange of information among the elements
of the systems.

TRAIN PROTECTION ASSURES THE SAFETY OF THE TRAIN MOVEMENT THROUGH FAMILY OF FUNCTIONS:
A) Train detection—______supervision_____________of the track to determine the presence and location of trains;
B) Train separation- assuring that trains on the same track______________ maintain a safe following distance to prevent collisions;
C) Route interlocking—preventing trains on crossing, merging, or branching routes from making

conflicting (unsafe) moves that would cause a __collision______________ or

_________accidents___________;
D) Overspeed protection—assures the __speed_of the train_ is right.

2. Complete the sentences with the words given: TRAFFIC, SCHEDULE MOVEMENT, ROUTE, TRACK. There is one extra word which you don’t need.

Train Supervision
Train supervision involves monitoring the ____, MOVEMENT _______of individual trains in relation to ___track________ and_____route_____________ assignments and overseeing the general disposition of vehicles and flow of __traffic_____________ for the system as a whole.
3. Answer the questions.
a) What are the functions of train supervision?
b) Which function is related to keeping operational logs and records?
c) Which function is related to informing about technical failures and keeping the time of them?

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