Klasa: 3 gimnazjum
Czas trwania: 45 minut
a) kształcący wiadomości: uczeń zna datę obchodów święta Guy’a Fawkes’a w Anglii; wie, jakie wydarzenia historyczne spowodowały obchody tego święta; potrafi opowiedzieć, jak jest ono obecnie obchodzone w Anglii.
b) kształcący umiejętności: na podstawie przeczytanego tekstu uczeń potrafi określić, czy podane w ćwiczeniach informacje są prawdziwe czy fałszywe; potrafi poprawnie użyć synonimów danych wyrazów; potrafi uporządkować chronologicznie wydarzenia, stanowiące podstawy święta Guy’a Fawkes’a; potrafi udzielić wyczerpującej odpowiedzi na pytania szczegółowe związane z przeczytanym tekstem.
Metody: praca w grupach, elementy wykładu, pogadanka, praca z tekstem
Środki dydaktyczne: tekst w języku angielskim zredagowany przez nauczyciela w oparciu o artykuł z czasopisma: H. Davies, ‘Guy Fawkes: Terrorists In Tights’, The World of English, 6/2003, ss.12-15; ćwiczenia utrwalające.
Sprawdzenie listy obecności, zapoznanie uczniów z tematem zajęć i jego zapis do zeszytu przedmiotowego.
II Część zasadnicza
1. Praca uczniów z tekstem ( jego głośne odczytanie i przetłumaczenie)
2. Wyjaśnienie nieznanego słownictwa
3. Wykonanie ćwiczeń związanych z tekstem.
1. Zwrócenie uwagi uczniów na rolę historii i tradycji w życiu różnych narodów.
2. Zlecenie pracy domowej – ‘Opisz dowolne polskie święto narodowe uwzględniając genezę jego powstania’.
GUY FAWKES’ DAY
‘ PLEASE TO REMEMBER,
THE FIFTH OF NOVEMBER:
GUNPOWDER, TREASON AND PLOT’
That’s what children in Britain chant on Guy Fawkes’ Night, as fireworks spiral into the sky and an effigy of Guy Fawkes burns on a fire. It’s been like that since the night, in 1606, when Fawkes was caught preparing to blow up the Houses of Parliament.
Henry VIII had a problem with Pope Julius II, who would not give him a divorce Queen Catherine, which would enable him to marry Ann Boleyn. So, Henry simply separated the church of England from the rule of Rome and gave himself a divorce, instead.
After his death, his daughter Elizabeth I – a Protestant – came to the throne in 1558. Catholics were persecuted then. This drove the faith underground and created a lot of bad feeling between Catholics and Protestants.
1593 / 1594
Guy Fawkes, born in 1570, leaves England in his early twenties for Belgium. There he joins the army of the Catholic King of Spain, who aims to rid England of Protestant heresy. In Flanders he meets up with other English Catholics exiles and dissidents.
1603 – ONE SUNNY DAY IN SPAIN
As Elizabeth I – the Protestant Queen of England – is dying, Guy Fawkes travels to Spain with some friends to get the Spanish support for an invasion of England after the death of the Queen. He fails.
1603 – ONE RAINY DAY IN BRITAIN
The planned invasion never happens. Instead, the even – more – Protestant – than – Elizabeth James V of Scotland comes to London and takes the British throne, becoming James I of England. He brings with him lots of Calvinist Scots, who want to get rich while in his service.
ONE MAY EVENING 1604
Guy is now back in England and very discontented. He meets with three other members of bloody terrorist band an the ‘ Duck and Drake’ pub in the centre of London.
Over a few beers, they swear an oath before God to blow up the King and the Parliament and rid of English and Scottish Protestants. After they have done this, they enter a little room at the back of the pub to celebrate mass.
SEVERAL RAINY MONTHS IN ENGLAND BETWEEN MAY 1604 AND OCTOBER 1605
The terrorist rent a cellar under the Houses of Parliament. They try to build a tunnel down into the cellar. But it’s too difficult for them, so they have to hire lots of other people to help. Finally, they finish the tunnel and fill up the cellar with barrels of gunpowder. They cover the gunpowder with iron bars and faggots.
OCTOBER 18th – 26th 1605
The conspirators realise that after they blow the Houses of Parliament many covert Catholics members are going o be killed together with the Protestants. So they decided to send an anonymous letter to one of their Catholic friends, a member of the House of Lords, telling him to stay away from Parliament on November 5th. Somewhat predictably, the letter written to the Catholic Lord Monteagle reaches the Protestant King James.
NOVEMBER 4th 1605
The soldiers of Kind James find the cellar, Fawkes run for his life.
NOVEMBER 5th DURING THE NIGHT
Guy Fawkes warns his fellow terrorists that he has been discovered. Meanwhile, the King sends lawyers and members of the government to check the cellar again. When Guy returns, they arrest him.
BETWEEN NOVEMBER 5th and 31st JANUARY 1606
All the members of the Gunpowder Plot are rounded up, tortured and finally executed on 31st January in the old palace yard.
MODERN DAY BRITAIN
From this historic event to this day, Britons have continued the yearly practice of burning Catholics every November. Actually they don’t burn real Catholics – just pretend ones.
What traditionally happens on fire work night is that the children make dolls out of old stockings stuffed with paper, put faces and clothes on them and then sit the doll in a wheelchair , or a pushchair, and push ‘ the guy’ around the streets , shouting: ‘ PENNY FOR THE GUY’
That is, they take ‘ the Guy’ out for a walk as an excuse to go begging. Adults are supposed to give the children money, which the children then go and spend on fireworks. In the evening parents and children light a fire, set off the fireworks and burn the guy.
GUY FAWKES’ NIGHT
Nowadays, parents are less willing to let their children out on the streets alone; the practice of making a Guy and going begging is dying out in Britain.
Many British families arrange Guy Fawkes’ Night celebrations in their own back garden to which they invite a few friends or neighbours. A proper Guy Fawkes celebration involves lightening a big fire, in which you cook sausages and potatoes in their jackets, and setting off different fireworks.
Replace the underlined words with the words given below.
POPE, WHEELCHAIR, EXECUTE, POTATOES IN THEIR JACKETS, BEG, SWEAR AN OATH, RENT, COME TO THE THRONE, ANONYMOUS, PREDICTABLY.
1. Henry VIII had a conflict with the leader of the Roman Catholic Church.
2. Elizabeth I became the ruler of England after his sister’s death.
3. They promised to work together and blow up the Houses of Parliament.
4. The terrorists needed a place to hide gunpowder so they paid money for borrowing the cellar.
5. People who cannot walk often have to use special chairs with wheels.
6. It’s very healthy to eat potatoes with their skin on.
7. Nowadays, in many countries people are still killed legally as a punishment.
8. I got a letter from an unknown person.
9. Manchester United beat Sparta Prague 3;1, of course.
10. If you have no job and no money, you have to ask for money for bread in the streets.
Put the sentences into the correct order
a) The death of Queen Elizabeth, James I became the king of England.
b) James I finds out about the terrorists’ plans.
c) Guy Fawkes looks for supporters for his idea of an invasion on England.
d) The plot is ready.
e) The separation of the Church of England from the rule of Rome.
f) The members of the plot are discovered and finally executed.
g) Henry VIII wants to marry Ann Boleyn.
Decide: true / false
1. Guy Fawkes was a Protestant.
2. He was born in Belgium.
3. James I was the king of England and Scotland.
4. Henry VIII became the leader of the Church of England.
5. Only a few people knew about the plot.
6. The terrorists planned to kidnap the king.
7. The tradition of making an effigy of a Guy and begging is dying out in Britain.
8. During Guy Fawkes’ Night British have parties in the squares of their cities.
Answer the questions.
1. Why did Guy Fawkes want to blow up the king and the Parliament?
2. Where did the terrorists plan the plot?
3. Why did Guy Fawkes look for help in Spain?
4. How was the plot discovered?
5. What do children make a ‘ Guy’ for?
6. How is Guy Fawkes’ Night celebrated in England now?