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Numer: 8177
Dział: Języki obce

Famous British and American Scientists - quiz

Szkoła ponadgimnazjalna

przygotowała Iwona Grabalska
na podstawie www.elt.britishcouncil.org.pl

Uwaga! Słowniczek do poszczególnych zadań znajduje się na końcu quizu.

QUIZ QUESTION ONE. Match the name of the scientist to the description
A. James Prescott Joule (1818 - 1889)
B. Edmund Halley (1656 - 1742)
C. James Watt (1736 - 1819)
D. William Thomson, Lord Kelvin of Largs (1824 -1907)
E. Sir Isaac Newton (1642 - 1727)
F. James Clark Maxwell (1831 - 1879)
G. Charles Babbage (1791 - 1871)
H. John Dalton (1766 - 1844)
I. Robert Boyle (1627 - 1691)
J. Michael Faraday (1791 - 1867)

1.British mathematician and pioneer of computer science. Thanks to his work the electronic computers were built 75 years after his death.
2.British astronomer and mathematician who worked for over 22 years at Greenwich studying the orbits of several comets and the Moon. One of the most short-period comets has his name.
3.He studied physical phenomena, electricity, heat, magnetism, elasticity and defined the absolute thermodynamic scale of temperature, which starts from absolute zero in the units named in his honour.
4.One of the greatest British chemists who investigated colour blindness, from which he and his brother suffered. (Colour blindness has this man's name).
5.An engineer who invented a steam engine
6.The physicist who showed by experiments that heat is a form of energy and calculated the mechanical equivalent of heat. A unit of work or energy is called after him.
7.British physicist and chemist, one of the discoverers of electromagnetic induction. He discovered the principle of the dynamo. Units of quantity of electricity and of capacitance are both named after him
8.A superb mathematician and physicist, the first professor of experimental physics at Cambridge, who showed that electricity and magnetism always coexist. Another of his discoveries was that the rings of Saturn consisted of a large number of small particles.
9.A brilliant English mathematician and scientist who discovered the law of universal gravitation. (When he was 23 years old, he watched an apple fall from a tree to the ground).
10.An Irish physicist and chemist who studied the behaviour of gases. He showed that sound waves are carried by air (by showing that a bell ringing in a jar evacuated of air cannot be heard).

Why did the chicken cross the road?

Aristotle: It is the nature of chickens to cross roads.
Isaac Newton: Chickens at rest tend to stay at rest, chickens in motion tend to cross roads.
Albert Einstein: Whether the chicken crossed the road or the road moved beneath the chicken depends on your frame of reference.
Werner Heisenberg: We are not sure which side of the road the chicken was on, but it was moving very fast.
Wolfgang Pauli: There already was a chicken on this side of the road.

QUIZ QUESTION TWO. Read and complete the texts. Use the words below each text.

A. Roger Bacon (1220-1292)
For hundreds of years 1............... tried to change metals into 2............. Roger Bacon, didn't "make" gold, made many scientific discoveries like gunpowder and optic devices and had many interesting ideas about flying 3...............
/alchemists, machines, gold, /

B. John Dalton (1766-1844) is the father of the 1............ atomic theory. He proposed his "atomic 2..........." with the main principles : chemical elements are made of 3.............; atoms of different elements have different masses; atoms of the same element have the same properties, such as weight.
/atoms, chemical, theory/

C. Augusta Ada King, Countess of Lovelace (1815-1852)
An English mathematician and the daughter of the famous poet, Lord 1............
Lady Lovelace is sometimes called the first programmer. She suggested using a 2........... system rather than the decimal system for storage.
The “Ada” programming language , which the 3................ developed in the late 1970s for military applications.
/binary, Pentagon, Byron,/

Q: What is more useful: the sun or the moon?
A: The moon, because the moon shines at night when you want the light, whereas the sun shines during the day when you don't need it.

QUIZ QUESTION THREE. Who are the Storm Chasers and Hunters?
Przetłumacz słowa w języku polskim na język angielski

Storm chasers are 1..............(ludzie) who try to get close to 2.............(burz) for the purposes of 3...................(obserwacja) or science. Many - but not all - storm chasers 4............. (podróżują) with laptop computers, anemometers (for measuring5...............(wiatr,) portable 6................(pogoda) stations and other 7.........................(sprzęt), as well as a variety of video and still cameras. It's hard to say 7..............(ile) many chasers there are, but there are probably a few 8.............(sto) serious ones.

QUIZ QUESTION FOUR. Write your three ideas about the school of the future.
1. ........................................
A Short History of Medicine: "Doctor, I have an ear ache."

2000 B.C. - "Here, eat this root."
1000 A.D. - "That root is heathen, say this prayer."
1850 A.D. - "That prayer is superstition, drink this potion."
1940 A.D. - "That potion is snake oil, swallow this pill."
1985 A.D. - "That pill is ineffective, take this antibiotic."
2000 A.D. - "That antibiotic is artificial. Here, eat this root!"

QUIZ QUESTION FIVE. Vocabulary. Complete.
phenomena 1.______________
heat 2.______________
units 3.______________
steam engine 4.______________
5.____________ zero absolutne
6.____________ poszukiwacze burz
7.____________ teleskop
8.____________ słynny naukowiec

Clouds just keep circling the earth around and around. And around. There is not much else to do.

"Rain is saved up in cloud banks."

"Thunder is a rich source of loudness

QUIZ QUESTION SIX. Match names of the inventions in Polish and English, and then decide who made them.

1.żarówka nuclear bomb Robert Oppenheimer
2.pierwszy samolot famous car factory Henry Ford
3.penicylina the first plane Alexander Fleming
4.znana fabryka aut penicillin Thomas Edison
5.bomba atomowa TV set John Logie Baird
6.aparat telewizyjny bulb Wright Brothers
7.komputerowy system operacyjny superconductivity Bill Gates
8.nadprzewodnictwo Microsoft Martin Cooper

mathematician - matematyk
invention - wynalazek
phenomena - zjawiska
electricity - elektryczność
heat - gorąco
scale of temperature - skala temperatury
absolute zero - zero absolutne
units - jednostki
colour blindness - nieumiejętność rozróżniania kolorów
steam engine - silnik parowy
physicist - fizyk
discover - odkryć
electromagnetic induction - indukcja elektromagnetyczna
coexist - współistnieć
law - prawo
gravitation - grawitacja
fall - spaść
bulb - żarówka
superconductivity - nadprzewodnictwo

The Key:
1.G 2.B 3.D 4.H 5.J 6.A 7.C 8.F 9.E 10.I
1.alchemistry, 2.gold, 3.machines
1.chemical 2.theory 3.atoms
1.Byron, 2.binary, 3.Pentagon
1.people, 2.storms, 3.observation, 4.travel, 5.wind, 6.weatcher, 7.equipment, 8.how, 9.hundred
Student’s answers
1.zjawiska, 2.gorąco, 3.jednostka, 4.silnik parowy, 5.zero absolutne, 6.storm cha sers, 7.telescope, 8.famous scientist
1.żarówka, bulb, Thomas Edison
2.pierwszy samolot, the first plane, Wright Brothers
3.penicylina, penicillin, Alexander Fleming
4.znana fabryka aut, famous car factory, Henry Ford
5.bomba atomowa, nuclear bomb, Robert Oppenheimer
6.aparat telewizyjny, TV set, John Logie Baird
7.komputerowy system operacyjny, Microsoft, Bill Gates
8.superconductivity, nadprzewodnictwo, Martin Cooper

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